The basic definition of medical malpractice is an act or omission by a health care provider, which deviates from accepted standards of practice in the medical community and causes injury to the patient. Although the term is most often associated with physicians, medical malpractice includes the acts and omissions of any medical care provider, including dentists, nurses, and therapists. Since most medical providers have malpractice insurance, a case in the U.S. usually begins as an insurance claim, made by the attorney for the patient. If liability is admitted and damages can be agreed upon, the case will be settled, which helps to reduce the amount of legal fees incurred. Otherwise, the case will go to trial in the appropriate court. Resolving a medical malpractice claim in a court can require a lot of time and a lot of money because of the complicated nature of health care treatment.